Author(s): Tufo A.; Dunne D.F.J.; Manu N.; Joshi H.; Lacasia C.; Jones L.; Malik H.Z.; Poston G.J.; Fenwick S.W.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology; 2018
Publication Date: 2018
Publication Type(s): Article In Press
Available at European Journal of Surgical Oncology – from ScienceDirect
Abstract:Background: Concern exists regarding the use of hepatectomy to treat colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) in octogenarians due to prior studies suggesting elevated morbidity and mortality. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) within pre-operative assessment and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) have both been shown to be associated with low morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hepatectomy. This study sought to compare the outcomes of octogenarians with patients aged 70-79 undergoing hepatectomy for CRLM, within a center utilizing both CPET and ERAS. Methods: Consecutive patients age 70 or older who underwent hepatectomy for CRLM at Aintree University Hospital (Liverpool,UK), between May 2008 and May 2015 were identified from a prospectively maintained cancer database. Data were extracted and comparisons drawn. Results: 127 patients aged 70-79 years and 34 octogenarians underwent respectively 137 and 35 hepatectomy for CRLM. There was no difference in hospital stay (6 days), morbidity and mortality between the groups. OS at 1, 3 and 5 years were 86.7%, 55% and 35.8% for those aged 70-79 compared to 79.4%, 37.3% and 20.4% for the octogenarians (p=0.127). DFS at 1,3 and 5 years was 52.5%, 31.7% and 31.7% for 70-79 group compared to 46.2%, 31.5% and 16.8% for the octogenarians (p=0.838). On multivariate analysis major hepatectomy was associated with an increased risk of post-operative complications, inferior OS and DFS. Chronological age was not a predictor of postoperative complications, poorer OS or DFS. Conclusions: Appropriately selected octogenarians can have similar postoperative outcomes to patients aged 70-79 when undergoing hepatectomy for CRLM using ERAS combined with CPET. This study advocates using CPET and ERAS in the selection and management of octogenarian patients with CRLM undergoing hepatectomy.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd, BASO ~ The Association for Cancer Surgery, and the European Society of Surgical Oncology.