Author(s): Steele T.; Narayanan R.P.; Wilding J.P.H.; James M.; James J.; Mazey N.
Source: Clinical Obesity; 2017
Publication Date: 2017
Publication Type(s): Article In Press
Abstract:Aintree LOSS is a community-based, multidisciplinary weight management programme for patients with severe and complex obesity, focusing on a flexible and individualized service with follow-up for up to 2 years. We evaluated all 2472 patients referred to the service between October 2009 and 2013. Demographic data were recorded at baseline, with the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) used to measure socioeconomic deprivation. Weight was recorded at each visit. Mean body mass index at baseline was 45.6 (standard deviation 6.8), and 58.9% of patients lived in areas in the most deprived decile nationally. Of 2315 appropriate referrals, 1249 (55.1%) attended >2 visits; mean final weight loss was 3.50+/-8.55kg, and 24.1% achieved >=5% weight loss. Of the patients, 754 (33.3%) attended for over 6 months; mean final weight loss was 4.94+/-10kg, and 34% achieved 5% weight loss. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed increasing age, residence in a less deprived area and sleep apnoea to be independently associated with attendance for >6months, and there was a linear relationship between 6-month attendance and deprivation quintile. Year-on-year analyses showed improvement in engagement over time, coinciding with efforts to improve access to the service. This work shows a multidisciplinary, community-based weight loss programme prioritizing a fully flexible and individualized approach functioning effectively in real-world practice. Maintaining engagement remains a challenge in weight loss programmes, and our results suggest younger patients living in areas with greater deprivation should be a target for efforts to improve engagement.
Copyright © 2017 International Association for the Study of Obesity.